Seeding Your Lawn - Tips

 

Equipment needed:

Shovel and hoe for smaller areas or Rototiller * – for large area
Rake
Lawn Roller *
Seed Spreader 
Sprinkler or watering system that will enable gentle watering of the area.

*Available at rental stores

You will also need:

A lawn starter fertilizer 
Available at most garden centres -you will need to check the back of the bag to determine how much you will need per sq footage.
A soil mixture of your choice:
Pefferlaw Premium products provides the following options in 30L bags or less,you need only pick one of the soil options. Soils are listed best suited for the job to basic:
Best Suited - Lawn Dresser,  Basic - 3-Way Mix, Organic Compost, Black Earth or Top Soil. 
We suggest one 30L bag to spread over 40 sq ft. (eg 5' x 8' area) and raked into to 1" of soil.
Seed  - calculate the amount needed as per manufacturers suggestion.
Pick a grass seed that is best suited for the area you are planting. Seed mixtures include many varieties that cover a large range of lawn conditions, this helps ensure your lawns success.  Pick a mixture that meets at least 3 of your requirements. E.g.:  sun, shade, high traffic.

When:

In Ontario, fall or late summer is the best time for seeding lawns. The next best time to plant would be the spring. 

1. Preparation:

Prepare the soil by removing old lawn, weeds and debris. How you will want to do this will depend on the size of the area.Small areas:      Use a shovel and hoe – make sure you remove all the roots from the ground or cover the area with a tarp for several weeks, this will kill all vegetation and roots. 

Large areas:      Consider renting a sod cutter to clear area of vegetation. Loosen up the existing soil to aerate and kill any germinated seeds with a rototiller

Small area:       A garden hoe can be used for very small areas.

2. Apply Soil:       

Add an amendment to the soil to add long term natural nutrients.   Empty the contents of the bag to depth of 1/2 inch (a 30L bag should cover an 8x5 ft area). At this point you can add a starter fertilizer if you wish to give the seedling an extra boost. Rake the dirt into the top 1" of soil and until the dirt it is level. 

The area is now ready to apply your choice of seed.

3.  Seed:

Obtain the proper amount of seed for the area – see manufacturer’s suggestion. Use a spreader for best results. Sow the area twice - sow back and forth across one direction, when complete sow the area again crosswise over the first seeding.

4.  Roll:

Roll the area to ensure seed to soil contact, then lightly water till soil is moist to about 1” deep. Do not water heavily so as to create a puddle or wash seeds away.

Once the lawn is seeded, you should avoid walking on it, for larger areas rope the area off with a string.  If the area is small, you can lie down full branches over the area to keep animals and traffic off.

5. Care and Maintenance:

The new lawn should be gently watered nightly for at least two weeks – Water until soil becomes moist to a depth of about 1-2”.  After the second week you can ease up on the watering to every other day again for another two weeks.  Once the lawn begins to establish, adjust watering dependent on weather conditions - you can ease up on it, watering more frequently if the weather is very hot and dry.

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