Growing Vegetables in containers and raised beds

 

Why?    

  • It’s easy – just add soil and plants or seeds
  • It’s economical – grow your own organic vegetables
  • It’s mobile – smaller containers can be moved
  • It’s convenient – large or small scale, backyard or balcony
  • Its guaranteed safe when grown in certified soil

How?  1.  Pick your container – it should be at least 12” deep.  Purchase, build or use something recyclable, just ensure it did not contain contaminants in its previous life.  How much room you have will dictate your garden size and type.  Do not use treated lumber.

Hint – consider the plants you will be planting – soil depth should be at least 12” and as deep as 36” depending of the plants you plan on growing.  See chart below.

2. The container you choose must allow for drainage of water so poke or drill holes in the bottom if the container does not already allow for drainage.

Consider placing box gardens directly on the ground. If you have concerns about the earth below, build a bottom or place garden fabric down first. Alternatively you can ensure the box  is deeper than the depths noted below to avoid root penetration.

3. Add Clean Garden Soil, Mix or Potting Soil.  Pefferlaw is certified so you can be sure it contains no contaminant.  Pefferlaw Brand comes in a variety of soils:

Smaller beds and pots can be filled with Pefferlaw Hanging Basket and Container Mix.

Larger Beds can be filled with Black earth or Top soil and Cattle or Sheep Manure mixed in at a 3 to 1 ratio  OR  use our premixed 3-way Mix on its own.

4. Plant your vegetable plants and seeds as directed on pkg.

Maintenance

* Water Daily - Smaller pots will need to be watered a little more frequently than a traditional garden.

* Weeding should be easy as the soil will be loose and unpacked.  You will still need to keep an eye out.

* Amend soil annually - add nutrients to your larger boxed gardens at the beginning of each season by topping up with manure.    Potting Soil from smaller containers can be dumped and spread over your lawn and new potting soil added.

Best Soil Depth for Plants

10” to  18”

18” to   24”

24” to   36”

Brussel Sprouts, Broccoli, Bok Choi, Cabbage, Celery, Choy Sum, Corn, Cauliflower, Garlic, Leeks, Lettuce, Mizuna, Onions, dwarf Okra,  Potatoes (allow for hilling), Radishes, Strawberries , Tatsoi, miniature Tomatoes.

Beans, Beets, Cantaloupe, Carrots, Chard, Cucumbers, Kale, Okra, Peas, Peppers, Summer Squash,  Turnip.

Asparagus, Pumpkins, Rhubarb,  Winter Squash, Tomatoes, Watermelons.

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